MVP   Healthgrades Glossary

Please select a letter to view glossary terms that begin with that letter.

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Addiction Psychiatry:
Addiction psychiatry is a branch of psychiatry that treats those who have addictions and related psychiatric problems. An addiction psychiatrist focuses on the evaluation and treatment of individuals with alcohol, drug, or other substance-related disorders, and of those with the diagnosis of co-occurring substance-related and other psychiatric disorders. Treatment of addiction combined with a psychiatric problem may involve medication and behavioral therapy techniques, along with psychiatric consultation.

Adolescent Medicine:
Adolescent medicine is the branch of medicine that specializes in treating adolescents and youths. An adolescent medicine physician focuses on the problems of patients who have reached puberty and are in adolescence. This physician specializes in the care of adolescents, including illness, substance abuse prevention and counseling, psychosocial disorders (depression and self-esteem problems, eating disorders), reproductive health, and sexuality issues.

Adolescent Psychiatry & Pediatric Psychiatry:
Adolescent and pediatric psychiatry deals with prevention, diagnosis and treatment of mental illness in children and adolescents. A psychiatrist diagnoses and treats those with mental and emotional disorders such as behavioral disorders, child abuse, trauma, disaster and medication issues. After assessment, the psychiatrist can diagnose, treat and manage an illness or problem by medication or psychotherapy.

A adolescent & pediatric psychiatrist is qualified to order diagnostic laboratory tests and to prescribe medications, evaluate and treat psychological and interpersonal problems, and to intervene with families who are coping with stress, crises and other problems.

Aerospace Medicine:
Aerospace medicine deals with the medical requirements of humans in atmospheric space, and people who travel by air. Aerospace medicine is a combination of aviation medicine and space medicine. An aerospace medicine physician practices within the branch of preventive medicine, and works with those who have problems or conditions related to air travel, such as air sickness, weightlessness, life support measures for astronauts, or ear pressure problems.

Affiliated Hospitals:
Affiliated Hospitals lists the hospitals where this physician can admit patients and practice. A physician can be affiliated with several hospitals. As you review the physician profiles, consider the quality of the hospitals where the doctors work. A higher overall quality rating indicates that a hospital has better than expected outcomes, their patient safety record is better than expected, they have safe practices in place, and they provide treatments that are known to get the best results for adult patients.

What this means to you:
Consider the quality of the hospital affiliations to determine the best hospital for any medical procedures or treatments. If the hospital the physician is affiliated with is not in your health plan, this may be a factor in your decision to choose a physician.

If receiving care at a particular hospital is important to you, make sure the physician can admit you to that hospital. By pairing a high quality hospital with a high quality physician, you can be assured of high quality care.

Allergy and Clinical Immunology:
Allergy and clinical immunology is the study of disorders of the immune system, immunization and organ transplantation. An allergy and clinical immunologist is a specialist who uses laboratory processes to discover immune system diseases. The immune system structure and function, and its defective responses are diagnosed and communicated to the physician in order to help manage patient problems.

Allergy and Immunology:
Allergy and immunology deals with problems caused by allergies and other disorders of the immune system. An allergist-immunologist evaluates, diagnoses, and manages disorders of the immune system. Some conditions that this specialist will treat include asthma, rhinitis, eczema, and allergic reactions to drugs, foods and insect bites. Other areas covered by an allergist-immunologist are immune deficiency diseases, problems related to autoimmune diseases, and organ transplantation.

Anatomic Pathology:
Anatomic pathology is the study of the causes and processes of diseases. A pathologist uses techniques in chemistry, biology and physical science. The pathologist inspects specimens of tissues, cells and body fluids under a microscope to diagnose, monitor and treat diseases.

Anesthesiology is the practice of blocking pain, discomfort or distress during surgery or an obstetric or diagnostic procedure. An anesthesiologist is specially trained to plan, monitor and administer pain relief before and during an operation, and assess the patient's condition and recovery afterwards. This specialist consults with patients for pain management, such as cancer patients, and those with critical illnesses or severe injuries.

Arbitration Award:
An arbitration award is a payment on a medical malpractice action or claim typically based on a decision by a third-party arbiter. It is not a presumption that medical malpractice has occurred. Arbitration awards may occur for a variety of reasons which should not necessarily reflect negatively on the physician's professional competence or conduct.1159