MVP   Healthgrades Glossary

Please select a letter to view glossary terms that begin with that letter.

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Hand Surgery:
Hand surgery may be performed by a general surgeon, an orthopedic surgeon, or a plastic surgeon after illness or injury, or to repair a congenital condition. A hand surgeon has special training in medical, surgical and rehabilitative means of healing the hand and arm, and sometimes recommends a non-surgical approach. The surgeon excels at diagnosis, preservation and restoration to the form and function of the hand, wrist and arm after disorders such as carpal tunnel, arthritis, fractures, tendonitis, or when amputation is required.

Head and Neck Surgery:
Head and neck surgery refers to operations performed to correct problems with the larynx, trachea, sinuses, tonsils, adenoids, or thyroid. Head and neck surgeons provide comprehensive medical and surgical care for patients with diseases and disorders affecting the head and neck in general, ears, the respiratory system and related structures.

Hematology is the study of the blood and blood disorders in the body. A hematologist is a physician who has expertise in diseases of the blood and bone marrow, and treats vascular and clotting problems. The hematologist also treats blood disorders such as hemophilia, leukemia, lymphoma, anemia and sickle cell disease.

Hematopathology is the laboratory study of blood and blood disorders. A hematopathologist is a pathologist who determines possible causes of blood diseases by studying blood and tissue specimens under a microscope and other technical instruments. The pathologist has the knowledge and skill to diagnose anemia, bleeding disorders, leukemia, and lymphoma. The pathologist also consults with the patient's physician to decide on a treatment based on the diagnosis.

Hyperbaric Medicine & Undersea Medicine:
Hyperbaric and undersea medicine deals with problems and conditions that arise in diving accidents. A hyperbaric and undersea medicine physician treats divers for decompression sickness or nitrogen narcosis. This specialist is knowledgeable regarding oxygen therapy in a hyperbaric chamber for victims of carbon monoxide poisoning and smoke inhalation. The hyperbaric and undersea medicine physician also treats patients with exceptional blood loss, osteomyelitis, thermal burns and radiation tissue damage. This physician has a background regarding dangers to divers and others in the sea, including marine infections, injuries from poisonous marine life, polluted water, seasickness and malaria.