Immunopathology is the laboratory study of diseases of the immune system. An immunopathologist is a pathologist with expertise in determining the causes of disease by studying cells, tissues and body fluids in the laboratory. The pathologist interprets tissue samples under a microscope, and aids the physician in diagnosing, monitoring, and treating patients' diseases or patients who have had organ transplants.
Infectious Disease Medicine:
Infectious disease medicine deals with infectious and communicable diseases caused by viruses, bacteria or parasites. An infectious disease physician is one who deals with infectious diseases of all types and in all organs, from the common cold and flu to HIV, respiratory infections, parasitic infections, and some allergies. In some cases, the physician may use preventive medicine; in other cases, antibiotics may be prescribed.
Internal medicine is the branch of medicine that deals with treating the whole patient. An internal medicine physician, also called an internist, can treat many illnesses and conditions, and is skilled in treating a patient who has several illnesses or disorders at the same time. This internist, who can be a primary care physician, emphasizes disease prevention and wellness, but can treat problems of the eyes, ears, skin, nervous system and reproductive organs, along with mental health or substance abuse issues.
The internal medicine physician can also treat cancer or diseases of the heart, blood, kidneys, joints, and digestive, respiratory and vascular systems, while concentrating on the wellness of the patient as a whole.
Interventional cardiology involves the use of imaging and diagnostic tools to monitor coronary disorders in heart patients. A cardiologist is a physician who treats disorders of the heart. An interventional cardiologist evaluates blood flow and blood pressure in the heart valves using imaging tools and equipment and other diagnostic techniques. These tests and monitoring devices, sometimes combined with medication, help the cardiologist treat patients with heart valve disorders, coronary artery disease, endocarditis, and other heart conditions.
Interventional Radiology & Vascular Radiology:
Interventional and vascular radiology is the study and treatment of diseases of the vascular system by using radiologic imaging systems. A radiologist is a physician who treats patients with radiologic imaging systems such as X-rays, ultrasound, MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), CT scans (Computed Tomography), fluoroscopy, and other imaging technology.
© Copyright 2009 Health Grades, Inc. Third Party materials included herein protected under copyright law. All rights reserved. Use of this website and any information contained therein is governed by the Healthgrades User Agreement.